The Grand Exchange (abbreviated as GE) is a trading system for players to buy and sell almost all tradeable items. As with banks, each threat area has a separate GE system. Players have eight grand exchange slots in each threat area in which they may trade items. Traders don't need to advertise, meet each other, or even wait at the Grand Exchange for their trades to complete. All coins and items from fully and partly finished trades are collectible at any bank or bank chest, but only in the corresponding threat zone. Additionally, players will receive a message in their chatbox when the status of a trade offer is updated. This trading system resembles a real-life electronic assist exchange.
In DarkScape, there are several GE locations:
- North of Lumbridge Castle (low threat)
- West of Varrock castle (low threat)
- Ardougne marketplace (medium threat)
- Wilderness Volcano (high threat)
- Prifddinas (currently inaccessible)
Finding the Grand Exchange
|Location on World Map|
|Edgeville||←||Grand Exchange||→||Varrock Palace|
- Walking from Varrock (with or without use of the Varrock Teleport spell).
- Teleporting to the air altar using the air altar teleport then walking to it.
- Using the tunnel northwest of the Grand Exchange (requires membership and level 21 agility).
- Using a canoe Station (requires level 12 woodcutting) to travel to either the Champion's Guild station or Barbarian Village station or Edgeville station and walking north, east or using the tunnel mentioned above.
- Using the spirit tree northeast of the Grand Exchange (requires completion of the quest Tree Gnome Village).
- Using the fairy ring with the code D•K•R (requires access to the fairy rings from the quest Fairy Tale Part II).
- Using the spell Varrock Teleport, or a Varrock Teleport tablet after changing its destination to south of the Grand Exchange (requires having completed one set of Varrock Tasks).
- Using a charged Ring of Wealth's teleport, which teleports you to the Grand Exchange entrance.
- Using a charged Ring of Duelling to teleport to Mobilising Armies then using the spirit tree nearby to teleport to the North-east part of the Grand Exchange.
- Using the Edgeville Lodestone and going through the north-west underwall tunnel (requires level 21 agility).
- Speaking to a Grand Exchange Clerk in Prifddinas offers a free teleport.
The branches in Prifddinas are located in the Tower of Voices and in the Max Guild (Prifddinas requires completion of the quest Plague's End).
- Tower of Voices
- Using the Prifddinas Lodestone which is in between the two booths inside the Tower of Voices.
- Using the spirit tree in the Crwys Clan section and walking west to the Tower of Voices (requires having completed the quest Tree Gnome Village).
- Using the fairy ring with the code D•J•S in the Amlodd Clan section and walking east to the Tower of Voices (requires having access to the fairy rings from the quest Fairy Tale Part II).
- Using the Gnome glider in the Meilyr Clan section and walking south to the Tower of Voices (requires having completed The Grand Tree quest).
- Using a Crystal teleport seed to one of the Elven Clans and then walk to the Tower of Voices.
- Max Guild (requires 99 in all skills to enter)
Around the Grand Exchange are five characters who show the current prices of various items.
Grand Exchange in Varrock
- Farid Morrisane shows the prices of ores.
- Relobo Blinyo shows the prices of logs.
- Bob Barter shows the prices of herbs. He also decants potions into full and empty vials. He can decant potions even if they are noted.
- Murky Matt shows the prices of runes. He also "decants" charged items into full and empty charges.
- Hofuthand shows the prices of certain weapons and armours. (See picture for details.)
Tower of Voices in Prifddinas
- Rhobert Dail shows the prices of herbs. He also decants potions into full and empty vials. He can decant potions even if they are noted. He is essentially the elven version of Bob Barter.
- The Grand Exchange clerk at the north western booth closest to the bonfire balcony is able to teleport the player to the Grand Exchange in Varrock with a chat option.
There are no special NPC's at the Grand Exchanges in Lumbridge, Ardougne, the Wilderness Volcano, or inside the Max Guild in Prifddinas besides the regular clerks and bankers.
- See main article: Item set
Most armour sets and the dwarf multicannon can be assembled into sets to save space. They behave like ordinary items except that they cannot be worn or used until they are disassembled. Only the Grand Exchange clerks can assemble and disassemble sets, and they will do this an unlimited number of times for free. Right-clicking a set and selecting "destroy" will not disassemble it. You can also try to right click the banker and go to the sets.
Prices are partly governed by the Laws of Supply and Demand:
- If an item is in high demand with low supply, then its price will increase.
- If an item is in low demand with high supply, then its price will decrease.
- If an item's demand matches its supply, then its price will stay the same.
Jagex has never published the Grand Exchange's exact pricing algorithms, although there are some reasonable guesses. By using the laws of supply and demand, the prices of items are updated depending on its recently traded prices and volume. For items with low volume such as partyhats, their prices update every few days or even once a week. Jagex can also intervene and set the prices themselves, and they reserve the right to intervene when they believe price manipulation is occurring on an inexcusable scale.
There are no price restrictions, however there are guide prices and buttons to increase or decrease your offer on the item by 5%, as well as set a custom offer.
- Competing offers in the same price range are prioritized chronologically, so making offers early will grant availability to have your items bought/sold before anyone else.
- All offers are completed using the earlier offer's price. In other words, when the buyer's price is above or at the same amount of coins as the seller's price, the trade is completed using the earlier offer's price, so also consider making your offers later.
- To bargain, you can wait to see whether your offer is accepted and then change your price accordingly.
- Price manipulation is possible even with the Grand Exchange, so be careful. (See section Price Manipulation below for details.)
- Changing the buying offer of a product by 5% over market will generally increase the chance of buying quickly, the same is true while selling an item at 5% under market.
All trade restrictions are intended to reduce price manipulation, real-world trading, and/or unfair interactions between players with different levels. On the issue of price manipulation, Jagex said, "We are keen to keep a player-driven economy, so the prices are worked out using the supply and demand rules above. We will only intervene as a last resort, and only if we think price manipulation is going on, although the system has lots of safeguards to prevent that." Trade restrictions are those safeguards.
- See main article: Grand Exchange/Buying limits
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Buying rate is restricted to a certain quantity every 4 hours. Some items have a connected limit, meaning that you can only buy a certain amount of either item, or a mix of the two up to a particular point:
- Metal armour (bronze through rune) share a limit of 100 between the pieces that make up the armour sets, although bronze through adamant platebodies have a separate limit of 500
- Dragon armour shares a limit of 10 between all set pieces
- Dragonhide armour of the same colour, including sets (although the sets have a limit of 100)
- Treasure Trails armour that makes up a set shares a limit of 2
- Barrows armour shares a limit between repaired pieces, broken pieces, and the item sets of the same brother's armour
- All parts of godswords (swords, hilts, blades, shards)
- Saradomin Swords and Zamorakian Spears
- Both types of chinchompas
- Enchanted and unenchanted gem-tipped bolts
- All doses of the same kind of potion (with the exception of prayer renewal)
- Any type of Godwars items (Bandos, Armadyl, Subjugation) has a trade limit of one every four hours. (Not Including Godswords)
Tradeable items that cannot be traded using the Grand Exchange
Some items cannot be traded using the Grand Exchange, but they can still be traded using the traditional player-to-player trade. The list includes:
- Bailing buckets - Fishing Trawler
- Bandages - Castle Wars
- Cocktail guide - Gnome Restaurant
- Gianne's cook book - Gnome Restaurant
- Iron sickles - Kingdom of miscellania
- Ogleroots - Vinesweeper
- Stealing Creation items
- Afros from Party Pete
- Amulet of glory (1 - 3)
- Ancient artefacts from Revenants
- Bagged plants from Garden Centre
- Black mask (1 - 9)
- Bottle of wine from Fortunato's Fine Wine in Draynor.
- Broodoo shield (1 - 9)
- Burnt food from Cooking
- Castle wars brace (2)
- Cavalier and mask
- Cursed magic logs from the Spirit Realm
- Diango's Toy Store
- Double eyepatches
- Dungeoneering items
- Faruq's Tools for Games
- Flasks (1 - 5)
- Games necklace (2 - 7)
- Heroes' Quest quest item
- Item sets
- Lapis lazuli brooches
- Magical eggs
- Pharaoh's sceptre (1 - 2)
- Ring of duelling (2 - 7)
- Ring of wealth (1 - 3)
- Rotten tomatoes
- Shield of Arrav quest items
- Ship's biscuits
- Skills necklace (1 - 3)
- Tuska mask parts
- Uncut lapis lazuli
- Unfinished wooden brooches
- Weeds - Farming
- ↑ Coronation chicken sandwich, Cream tea, Fish 'n' chips, Full breakfast, Steak and kidney pie
- ↑ Removed from game.
- ↑ Also applies to the Amulet of glory (t).
- ↑ Bouquet, Bubble maker, Celebration cake, Celebration candles, Confetti, Diamond jubilee souvenir flags, Diamond jubilee souvenir hats, Firecracker, Firework, and Souviner cup
- ↑ Dice bags are no longer in game
- ↑ Magic skullball, Marker seeds, Racing boots, Ring of seeking (both), Starting horn, Timepiece and Voting hat.
- ↑ Miscellaneous key and Pete's Candlestick.
- ↑ Check the page for which ones are on the Grand Exchange.
- ↑ Half certificates, Pheonix crossbows and Weapon store keys.
The Grand Exchange reduces the need for constant merchanting
The Grand Exchange has made merchanting almost obsolete, by relatively reducing the average transaction costs of buying and selling most items. This money is said to be made up for by the convenience and ease of trading through the grand exchange. Transaction cost is the cost of finding someone to trade with, bargaining, enforcing a trade agreement, and transferring the agreed goods and/or services, all of which are expedited by The Grand Exchange. The list below illustrates how the grand exchange does this.
- Unlike a shop or player, the Grand Exchange does not make a profit.
- The Grand Exchange finds someone to trade. It searches every offer on every world. This has a drastic effect on the prices of many common items. For example, if you have to find a buyer yourself, items like bones are relatively expensive, usually around 215 coins each (many players choose not to farm them, as they only drop from low-level mobs who have little other valuable loot). With the Grand Exchange, the common marketplace makes them worth 80 coins. The same effect can happen in reverse, where a greatly varied price becomes either a much lower or a much higher uniform price.
- The Grand Exchange removes the necessity of long, often unfruitful searching and bargaining ventures. If the buyer bids higher or equal to the seller’s asking price, then the Grand Exchange instantly completes the trade. If not, then it will wait until there is a suitable transaction. More often than not, players can get away with buying things for much less than the listed price, and sell for much more than the listed price granted that they don't mind waiting. It is for this reason that many people choose to sell or buy items before going to sleep, as The G.E has more time to find these transactions. This removes most negotiation and communication opportunity with regards to item pricing between players.
- Time taken selling is greatly reduced. It is worth noting that not only is the trade normally completed in much less time, an item waiting to be sold on the Grand Exchange takes up none of the players time, as the player is not fully preoccupied by the transaction. Whilst attempting to sell items to players, a time investment is needed to sell items to make a profit on the grand exchange it takes next to no time whatsoever.
- The Grand Exchange transfers the items halfway. Although a player still has to obtain the items and bring them to the marketplace, the Grand Exchange will bring completed offers straight to the collection box (at any bank).
This of course is still only true for when the Grand Exchange prices match the items' generally perceived value. Though most of the time the G.E lists agreeable prices, in situations where an item is worth more or less than what it is worth on the grand exchange, merchants can still do business.
Any attempts to directly affect an item's price on the Grand Exchange takes an enormous amount of money and time, which is why it is considered unprofitable in most cases. Price manipulation seems to follow a pattern consistent with two main types and several subtypes; they are categorized differently because they work somewhat differently. The two main types are disclosure-based manipulation and trade-based manipulation.
This occurs where a person discloses false or misleading information which has the effect of misleading other participants about the value or trading volume of a security. Every tradeable item in RuneScape is a security. Disclosure-based manipulation is fraud.
How some merchant clan leaders use a pyramid scam on people, in five steps:
- Some merchant clan leaders secretly buy lots and lots of the same item.
- They recruit and mislead people into buying the same item at a higher price, thus raising the item's price.
- They encourage people to recruit even more people, thus creating a pyramid.
- They set a "dump price" for everyone to sell.
- They either secretly sell their item before this dump price is reached, or they suddenly announce a new dump price; in both cases many people are still buying the item. What these people are misled into buying is the item they are secretly or suddenly dumping.
The merchant clan leader (and any of his or her trusted friends/ranks in the clan) may make millions of coins in this way. They'll set the price of for example, 1,000 coins per item, to be dumped at 10,000 coins. They themselves will buy the item for 1,000 - 1,200 coins each and wait until it rises to 5,000 coins, and they'll sell the items. If the clan is big, this won't affect their merchant, or they can blame another clan.
"This is the buying or selling of a security by a person [or group] which influences or misleads other participants' perception of the value or trading volume of that security.” It has many subtypes, but only two significantly affect the DarkScape economy: matched orders and corners.
Matched orders, pools, and wash sales
Someone places an order to buy, and matches it with an order to sell: the buyer and seller are the same person. This transaction is fake because nothing is really being transferred. Matched orders manipulate prices by faking a supply and demand. A group can do this too.
Matched orders also mislead other people into overestimating the trading activities of the security that’s being manipulated, and thus—for slightly technical reasons—mislead them into underestimating the transaction cost of that security.
Matched orders and genuine orders are currently nearly impossible to differentiate on DarkScape. We can only imagine account #1 posting an order to buy a dragon pickaxe for an unusual price, and account #2 selling it for a similarly unusual price. Repeated enough times and the price isn’t so unusual anymore, and that’s when the manipulation succeeded. We can also only imagine 2 million lobsters being bought and sold for the same price on the Grand Exchange, and so the Grand Exchange accounts for those numbers when it updates the price of lobsters, but the Grand Exchange currently doesn’t know whether the buyers and sellers were the same person. We don’t either. Again, matched orders and genuine orders are currently nearly impossible to differentiate on DarkScape.
This is no longer possible because the Grand Exchange works such that buyers get the best offer, and sellers get the best offer they can get.
Corners or squeezes
Someone buys something, raises its price, and then sells it to another person. In this transaction, a cornering merchant intends to raise price by merely monopolizing his or her competitors, whereas a genuine merchant intends to raise price by at least decreasing the overall transaction cost. (Transaction cost is the cost of conducting a trade: the time and effort of finding someone to trade with, bargaining and enforcing a trade agreement, and transferring the goods and/or services.) Corners manipulate prices by monopolizing a security in a way that increases its overall transaction cost, and this additional transaction cost burdens other buyers but not the manipulator. Again, a group can do this too.
A corner is where “a person [or group] buys up a substantial volume of a security knowing that other market participants will be forced to buy from him at a higher price.” Other buyers are forced to buy from a cornering merchant because they are left with few alternatives; the manipulator had already monopolized his competitors. By contrast, other buyers are not forced to buy from a genuine merchant because of two reasons: first, a genuine merchant often has competitors or the threat of potential competitors; second and most importantly, a genuine merchant saves them some trouble of finding someone to trade with, bargaining and enforcing a trade agreement, and transferring the goods and/or services.
- See main article: Scams
There continues to be much activity around the Grand Exchange as a main area for some players to operate scams, manipulate other players into giving away items or money and the age-old luring of players to areas they can be killed and their items taken.
Alternate Views on Price Manipulation
Some players argue that price manipulation is legitimate when not directly misleading other players. For example, while few would defend pyramid style clan manipulation, many would argue that solo merchandising with the effect of price manipulation is valid.
A common justification is that buyers and sellers have final say of their decision to make a transaction. Players buy items for what it is worth to them, and are aware of the price they are offering.
"Legitimate" Grand Exchange Merchandising
One should keep in mind that though many people share similar opinions regarding the DarkScape economy, it is still largely a player-created game. What people consider to be "legitimate" trading is entirely subjective. However, considering many players' views on economic manipulation, "legitimate" seems to entail a lack of malice or intentional damaging of the economy for personal gain. Legitimate merchandising on the Grand Exchange is not impossible, although which methods are considered legitimate is a matter of opinion.
Legitimate methods include investing in an item at a low price and waiting for the price to rise after a time before selling. Flipping can also be legitimate as arguably convenience is provided as a service to the buyers and sellers. For example, the seller is impatient to sell rune plate-bodies, and therefore prices them low. The merchant buys the rune plate-bodies from the seller, providing convenience to the seller in exchange for the potential to profit. The merchant then sells the rune plate-bodies to an impatient buyer, thus providing convenience as a service.
Price manipulation may occur if flipping is done in bulk, either unintentionally as a side affect, or intentionally as a means of increasing profits.
- If players attempt to set up a cannon in the Grand Exchange, Brugsen Bursen will tell players "My area is for peaceful trading. Play with your toy somewhere else!"
- It is possible to buy your own item from the Grand Exchange.
- There are no items which start with the letter Q or X in the Grand Exchange.
- If you look closely, on the counter of the Grand Exchange buildings, there appears to be a Training sword on the counter.
- Summoning familiars are hidden in the Grand Exchange.